Fruits and vegetables rich in antioxidant vitamins and minerals (beta-carotene, vitamins C and E, and minerals zinc and copper) may play a special role in eye health.
These help protect your body from damage caused by destructive molecules called "free radicals." These destructive molecules are created during your body's normal processes. In excess, however, free radicals can cause cell damage, or oxidative stress, which is thought to play a role in the development of macular degeneration. Antioxidants neutralize the damaging effects of oxidative stress and help protect against cell damage.
Omega-3 Fatty Acids
Omega-3 fatty acids may also be important for eye health. The two omega-3 fatty acids that are believed to be the most relevant to ocular health are DHA and EPA. DHA and EPA are long-chain fatty acids found in most cells. In the eye, they are believed to help fight against age-related conditions by slowing free radical production and may also work together to reduce inflammation.
Fish is an excellent dietary source of omega-3. In fact, studies have shown that eating fish high in omega-3 fatty acids can help reduce the risk of macular degeneration progression.
Talk to your eye care professional about the possible benefits of taking a vitamin supplement containing omega-3 fatty acids.